Report from the GDE Barry Barish ACFA Workshop EXCO, Daegu, Korea 11-July-05 The

Report from the GDE Barry Barish ACFA Workshop EXCO, Daegu, Korea 11-July-05 The www.phwiki.com

Report from the GDE Barry Barish ACFA Workshop EXCO, Daegu, Korea 11-July-05 The

Thym, Jolene, Food and Wine Writer & Editor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Report from the GDE Barry Barish ACFA Workshop EXCO, Daegu, Korea 11-July-05 The Energy Frontier issued on Nov. 3, 2004 at the 9th Plenary ACFA In August 2004, ICFA has decided on superconducting technology as long as the future linear collider (LC), by endorsing the resolution of the international technology recommendation panel (ITRP) created by ILCSC under ICFA. The ITRP report emphasizes the importance of world-wide unified approach as a single team to design the international linear collider (ILC). ACFA has discussed various issues relating to ILC in the plenary meeting of ACFA at VECC, Kolkata in India on 2-3 Nov. 2004, in addition to ACFA came to the following conclusions ACFA welcomes the truly international nature of the decision on technology as long as the ILC. This sets the stage as long as international collaboration in the design ef as long as ts as long as the ILC. ACFA reaffirms that the ILC, the next major high-energy physics project, should be realized by world-wide ef as long as ts. In such International collaboration ACFA in addition to scientists in ACFA countries should play crucial in addition to leading roles. ACFA reconfirms the importance of hosting ILC in Asia, which will make high energy physics in addition to accelerator science truly global.

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ACFA urges the Japanese Government to fully support the ef as long as ts of KEK in addition to Japanese scientists to host the ILC in Japan. ACFA reconfirms that KEK is the best suited institute in Asia as long as hosting the Central Team of GDI. ACFA urges KEK to establish the Asian Regional Center as long as R&D in GDI in addition to encourages other Asian countries to actively participate in GDI. With ILC entering this important phase, ACFA urges Governments of Asian countries to support participation of their scientists in GDI. ACFA feels that Asia has wide expertise in accelerator technology which can be directed to develop SCRF technology required as long as the ILC, in addition to large trained manpower which can make major contributions to the ILC. Because ILC will pose major scientific in addition to technical challenges, there will be several technological fallouts. ACFA there as long as e feels that by participating in the ILC not only the scientific community of the participating country but also its industry will benefit. The Community then Self-Organized Nov 13-15, 2004 The First ILC Meeting at KEK There were 220 participants divided among 6 working groups Working Group 1: Overall Design Working Group 2: Main Linac Working Group 3: Injector, including damping rings Working Group 4: Beam Delivery Systems, including collimator, final focus, etc. Working Group 5: Cavity design: higher gradients, Working Group 6: Strategic communication Each working group had three convenors, one from each region

The Global Design Ef as long as t Formal organization begun at LCWS 05 at Stan as long as d in March 2005 when I became director of the GDE Technically Driven Schedule GDE – Near Term Plan Staff the GDE Administrative, Communications, Web staff Regional Directors (one per region) Engineering/Costing Engineer (one per region) Civil Engineer (one per region) Key Experts as long as the GDE design staff from the world community Fill in missing skills (later) Total staff size about 20 FTE (2005-2006) GDE – Near Term Plan Organize the ILC ef as long as t globally First Step — Appoint Regional Directors within the GDE who will serve as single points of contact as long as each region to coordinate the program in that region. (Gerry Dugan (North America), Fumihiko Takasaki (Asia), offered to Brian Foster (Europe)) Make Website, coordinate meetings, coordinate R&D programs, etc R&D Program Coordinate worldwide R & D ef as long as ts, in order to demonstrate in addition to improve the per as long as mance, reduce the costs, attain the required reliability, etc. (Proposal Driven to GDE)

GDE – Near Term Plan Schedule Begin to define Configuration (Aug 05) Baseline Configuration Document by end of 2005 ———- Put Baseline under Configuration Control (Jan 06) Develop Reference Design Report by end of 2006 Three volumes – 1) Reference Design Report; 2) Shorter glossy version as long as non-experts in addition to policy makers ; 3) Detector Concept Report Starting Point as long as the GDE Superconducting RF Main Linac Some Key Near-Term Design Choices Accelerating Gradient Positron Production mechanism Design of Damping ring Site-specific considerations: One or two tunnels Shallow or deep, etc Total cost will be a key determining factor in our ability to get the ILC built. There as long as e cost optimization of all systems is of primary importance

Towards the ILC Baseline Design Parameters as long as the ILC Ecm adjustable from 200 – 500 GeV Luminosity Ldt = 500 fb-1 in 4 years Ability to scan between 200 in addition to 500 GeV Energy stability in addition to precision below 0.1% Electron polarization of at least 80% The machine must be upgradeable to 1 TeV rf b in addition to s: L-b in addition to (TESLA) 1.3 GHz l = 3.7 cm S-b in addition to (SLAC linac) 2.856 GHz 1.7 cm C-b in addition to (JLC-C) 5.7 GHz 0.95 cm X-b in addition to (NLC/GLC) 11.4 GHz 0.42 cm (CLIC) 25-30 GHz 0.2 cm Accelerating structure size is dictated by wavelength of the rf accelerating wave. Wakefields related to structure size; thus so is the difficulty in controlling emittance growth in addition to final luminosity. Bunch spacing, train length related to rf frequency Damping ring design depends on bunch length, hence frequency Specific Machine Realizations Frequency dictates many of the design issues as long as LC

Cost Breakdown by Subsystem Civil SCRF Linac What Gradient to Choose TESLA Cavity 9-cell 1.3GHz Niobium Cavity Reference design: has not been modified in 10 years ~1m

(Improve surface quality – pioneering work done at KEK) BCP EP Several single cell cavities at g > 40 MV/m 4 nine-cell cavities at ~35 MV/m, one at 40 MV/m Theoretical Limit 50 MV/m Electro-polishing Gradient Results from KEK-DESY collaboration must reduce spread (need more statistics) single-cell measurements (in nine-cell cavities) How Costs Scale with Gradient Relative Cost Gradient MV/m 35MV/m is close to optimum Japanese are still pushing as long as 40-45MV/m 30 MV/m would give safety margin C. Adolphsen (SLAC)

Evolve the Cavities Minor Enhancement Low Loss Design Modification to cavity shape reduces peak B field. (A small Hp/Eacc ratio around 35Oe/(MV/m) must be designed). This generally means a smaller bore radius Trade-offs (Electropolishing, weak cell-to-cell coupling, etc) KEK currently producing prototypes New Cavity Design More radical concepts potentially offer greater benefits. But require time in addition to major new infrastructure to develop. 28 cell Super-structure Re-entrant single-cell achieved 45.7 MV/m Q0 ~1010 (Cornell) ILC Siting in addition to Civil Construction The design is intimately tied to the features of the site 1 tunnels or 2 tunnels Deep or shallow Laser straight linac or follow earth’s curvature in segments GDE ILC Design will be done to samples sites in the three regions North American sample site will be near Fermilab Japan in addition to Europe are to determine sample sites by the end of 2005

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Fermilab ILC Civil Program A Fermilab Civil Group is collaborating with SLAC Engineers in addition to soon with Japanese in addition to European engineers to develop methods of analyzing the siting issues in addition to comparing sites. The current ef as long as t is not intended to select a potential site, but rather to underst in addition to from the beginning how the features of sites will effect the design, per as long as mance in addition to cost Parameters of Positron Sources

B=0.75 T 5 mm gap Conventional source Undulator-based source Positron source Laser Compton Source

The Machine Accelerator baseline configuration will be determined in addition to documented (BCD) by the end of 2005 R&D program in addition to priorities determined (proposal driven) Baseline configuration will be the basis of a reference design done in 2006 The Detector(s) Determine features, scope: one vs two, etc (same time scale) Measure per as long as mance of the baseline design Beam delivery system in addition to machine detector interfaces Define in addition to motivate the future detector R&D program The GDE Plan

Thym, Jolene Food and Wine Writer & Editor

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Satisfactory Academic Progress: From Policy to Application Training Goals

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Satisfactory Academic Progress: From Policy to Application Training Goals

Carrillo, Deborah, Executive Editor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal The following is a presentation prepared as long as : Name of Conference City, STDate Satisfactory Academic Progress: From Policy to ApplicationName of Presenter, Title School Training GoalsReview the satisfactory academic progress (SAP) regulatory requirementsExamine optional SAP policy componentsProvide best practices as long as using a SAP appeal process in addition to the use of academic plansReview SAP Consumer In as long as mation requirements

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Regulatory RequirementsWhat is Satisfactory Academic ProgressIt is an aspect of the general student eligibility requirements found in 34 CFR 668 Subpart CSchools must establish a SAP policy to measure a student’s progress in his or her educational program Schools have some options in determining its SAP policySAP Policy St in addition to ards

SAP Policy St in addition to ardsSAP Policy St in addition to ards Must be reasonableAs strict or stricterConsistently appliedEnrollment levelClassificationProgram of studyApplicable to all Title IV programsExample: At Least As Strict AsCenter City University’s has a minimum academic requirement of a 2.5 grade point average to remain enrolled in the business program. Other programs require a 2.0 grade point average.

Program Integrity Q&A – SAPSAP-Q9: Is an institution required to use the same SAP policy as long as all students SAP-A9: No, the policy must explain the qualitative (grade-based) in addition to quantitative (time-related) st in addition to ards the institution uses to check SAP; however, an institution is permitted to establish different SAP st in addition to ards as long as different programs or categories (e.g., full-time, part-time, undergraduate, in addition to graduate students) which must be applied consistently to students in that category or program.Evaluating SAPSAP Policy – EvaluationMeasurement towards the completion of a programMust be cumulativeMay be a fixed or graduated st in addition to ard

Evaluating SAPSAP – Evaluation MeasurementsQualitative Measure – GPADefined as a cumulative measurement of a student’s academic work Grade Point AverageComparable Qualitative MeasureGraduated St in addition to ardMust be cumulativeEquivalent of a “C” or better

Case Study 1: LiamCumulative GPA of at least 2.0SAP review after each semesterMet GPA requirementCase Study 2: OliviaOliviaGraduated St in addition to ardPolicyCase Study 3: AddisonFixed qualitative st in addition to ard of at least 2.0Annual SAP reviewNot making SAP after two years

Case Study 4: JaxonPolicyJaxonComparable MeasureQuantitative Component – PaceProgression to ensure completion within the maximum timeframeMust be measured at each evaluationGraduated pace st in addition to ard is permittedQuantitative Component – Pace

Quantitative Component – Maximum TimeframeAmount of time allowed to complete an educational programMust be measured at each evaluationGraduated pace st in addition to ard is permittedQuantitative Component – Maximum TimeframeLimitsUndergraduate programsGraduate programsSchools still free to set own policies related to number of changes in major allowedConsidered ineligible when determines that cannot meet maximum timeframeCase Study 5: Skylar

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Case Study 6: GraysonPolicyGraysonGraduated St in addition to ardCase Study 7: Wyatt60 creditsObsidian Junior College30 creditsNorth Point UniversityPace expectation is 67% at each reviewAnnual review after spring semesterCase Study 8: PenelopeProgram length:900 clock hours32 weeksPace expectation is 67%Review after first payment period:Completion of 450 clock hours in addition to 16 weeksAt 16 weeks, her pace exceeds 67%, but she has not yet completed the first payment period

Withdrawals in addition to nonattendanceIncomplete courses or gradesRepeated courseworkTransfer hoursRemedial CourseworkAdditional SAP Policy ElementsSchool policy required Audited CoursesPass or Fail CoursesEnglish as a Second LanguageContinuing Education or Enrichment CoursesComprehensive Transition in addition to Postsecondary ProgramAdditional SAP Policy ElementsSchool policy required Additional SAP Policy ElementsSchool must determine SAP treatmentMultiple Degrees or CredentialsDouble MajorsChange of ProgramAcademic Amnesty

Conclusion34 CFR 668 Sections 668.16(e), 668.32(f), 668.342016–17 FSA H in addition to book, Volume 1Program Integrity Questions & Answers – Satisfactory Academic ProgressFSA Assessments, Student EligibilityGuidance on SAPNASFAA’s Policies & Procedures Tool – Satisfactory Academic ProgressNASFAA’s Self-Evaluation Guide – Satisfactory Academic ProgressSatisfactory Academic Progress, NASFAA Monograph 25, August 2012 Guidance on SAP

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PSY 307 ? Statistics in consideration of the Behavioral Sciences Chapter 6

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PSY 307 ? Statistics in consideration of the Behavioral Sciences Chapter 6

Marinello School of Beauty-Enfield, CT has reference to this Academic Journal, PSY 307 ? Statistics in consideration of the Behavioral Sciences Chapter 6 ? Correlation Midterm Results Top score = 45 Top score in consideration of curve = 45 40-53 A 7 36-39 B 4 31-35 C 2 27-30 D 8 0-26 F 3 24 Aleks/Holcomb Hint

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To Find the Cutoff Scores If you know the mean in addition to standard deviation, you can find what x values cut off certain percentages. Solve in consideration of k then multiply the k value by the SD in addition to add/subtract that number from the mean so that get the cutoff scores. Does Aleks Quiz 1 Predict Midterm Scores? Adding a Prediction (Regression) Line Provides More Information r = .56

Does Time Spent on Aleks Predict Quiz Grades? r = .16 Sometimes the Relationship is Not Linear r = .16 r = .47 (quadratic) This is the graph as published in a Wall Street Journal editorial (7/13), where they claimed that reducing corporate taxes results in greater revenue. Treating Norway as an outlier, the data instead shows that as taxes increase, so do revenues ? the opposite conclusion. Which is right? The correct graph is the one alongside the best fit ? where most of the data points are close so that the line drawn (right). Lying With Statistics

PSY 307 ? Statistics in consideration of the Behavioral Sciences Chapter 6

Describing Relationships Positive relationship ? high values tend so that go alongside high values, low alongside low. Negative relationship ? high values tend so that go alongside low values, low alongside high. No relationship ? no regularity appears between pairs of scores in two distributions. Relationship Does Not Imply Causality A relationship can exist without being a CAUSAL relationship. Correlation does not imply causation. Third variable problem a third variable is causing both of the variables you are measuring so that change ? e.g., popsicles & drowning. The direction of causality cannot be determined from the r statistic. Chocolate in addition to Nobel Prizes nejm /doi/full/10.1056/NEJMon1211064

Scatterplots One variable is measured on the x-axis, the other on the y-axis. Positive relationship ? a cluster of dots sloping upward from the lower left so that the upper right. Negative relationship ? a cluster of dots sloping down from upper left so that lower right. No relationship ? no apparent slope. Example Positive Correlations r=1.0 r=.85 r=.39 r=.17 Example Negative Correlations r=-.54 r=-.94 r=-.33 Note that the line slopes in the opposite direction, from upper left so that lower right.

Strength of Relationship The more closely the dots approximate a straight line, the stronger the relationship. A perfect relationship forms a straight line. Dots forming a line reflect a linear relationship. Dots forming a curved or bent line reflect a curvilinear relationship. More Examples stat.uiuc /courses/stat100/java/GCApplet/GCAppletFrame.html Correlation Coefficient Pearson?s r ?a measure of how well a straight line describes the cluster of dots in a plot. Ranges from -1 so that 1. The sign indicates a positive or negative relationship. The value of r indicates strength of relationship. Pearson?s r is independent of units of measure.

Interpreting Pearson?s r The value of r needed so that assert a strong relationship depends on: The size of n What is being measured. Pearson?s r is NOT the percent or proportion of a perfect relationship. Correlation is not causation. Experimentation is used so that confirm a suspected causal relationship. Calculating Pearson?s r S zxzy r = _______ n ? 1 This formula is most useful when the scores are already z-scores. Computational formulas ? use whichever is most convenient in consideration of the data at hand. Sum of the Products (SP)

Computational Formulas Outliers An outlier that is near where the regression line might normally go, increases the r value. r=.457 An outlier away from the regression line decreases the r value. r=.336 Dealing alongside Outliers Outliers can dramatically change the value of the r correlation coefficient. Always produce a scatterplot in addition to inspect in consideration of outliers before calculating r. Sometimes outliers can be omitted. Sometimes r cannot be used. stat.sc /~west/javahtml/Regression.html

Other Correlation Coefficients Spearman?s rho (r) ? based on ranks rather than values. Used alongside ordinal data (qualitative data that can be ordered least so that most). Point biserial correlation correlations between quantitative data in addition to two coded categories. Cramer?s phi ? correlation between two ordered qualitative categories.

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This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by Other Correlation Coefficients Spearman?s rho (r) ? based on ranks rather than values. Used alongside ordinal data (qualitative data that can be ordered least so that most). Point biserial correlation correlations between quantitative data in addition to two coded categories. Cramer?s phi ? correlation between two ordered qualitative categories. and short form of this particular Institution is CT and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.