The Columbian Exchange Animals Plants Plants

The Columbian Exchange Animals Plants Plants

The Columbian Exchange Animals Plants Plants

Hattrick, Tim, Morning On-Air Talent has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal The Columbian Exchange When explorers created contacted between Europe & the Americas, the interaction with Native Americans led to BIG cultural changes. The Columbian Exchange is the exchange of physical elements such as, plants, animals, diseases, in addition to weapons. Animals During this time period, the ONLY domesticated animals in the Americas were LLAMAS! European explorers brought horses, pigs, cattle, & sheep. This completely changed the way that the l in addition to was used!

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Plants With all of these new farm animals, it was time to start planting crops. Europeans brought cash crops to the Americas: sugar, rice, wheat, coffee, bananas, & grapes. These new crops flourished in the Americas. Plants Europeans find crops in the Americas: Maize (corn), tomatoes, tobacco, cacao (chocolate), beans, in addition to cotton. They bring these plants back to Europe, where they are very popular. Think—Italian spaghetti What if they never had tomatoes Diseases Europeans (unknowingly) brought over diseases that the natives weren’t immune to. These diseases spread by air & touch. Smallpox, measles, diphtheria, whooping cough, chickenpox, bubonic plague, scarlet fever, & influenza were the most common.

Devastating Effects Natives had no natural resistance to European diseases in addition to the population dramatically decreased as long as decades. Inca empire decreased from 13 million to 2 million in 1600. North American population fell from 2 million in 1492 to 500,000 in 1900. Devastating Effects Europeans need labor to cultivate all the new crops in the Americas, but there weren’t many natives left because of diseases. Europeans look to Africa as long as labor in addition to begin to steal Africans to work as slaves in the Americas.

Impact Different Foods & Animals Over time, crops native to the Americas became staples in the diets of Europeans. These foods provided nutrition, thus helping people live longer. Economics Activities like cattle ranching in addition to coffee growing were not possible be as long as e this time. Effects Around the Globe The Columbian Exchange not only impacted Europe & the Americas, but also China: Arrival of easy-to-grow, nutritious corn helped the population grow tremendously. Africa: Two native crops of Americas—corn & peanuts-among most widely grown today Scholars estimate one-third of all food crops grown in the world are of American origin! Let’s Review What was the Columbian Exchange What was the only domesticated animal in Latin America Which animals did the Europeans bring to Latin America What are some native crops that the Europeans brought back to Europe What did many natives die from Why did diseases kill so many natives Who did the Europeans get to work on plantations in addition to in mines when most of the native population had died What is an example of a “traditional cuisine” that was created after the Columbian Exchange

Who Am I I introduced the horse. Who Am I I introduced tomatoes. Who Am I I introduced cacao (chocolate).

Who Am I I introduced smallpox. Who Am I I introduced weapons. Who Am I I introduced potatoes.

Who Am I I introduced corn. Who Am I Thumb-Print Comic We are going to create finger-print comic strips about the Columbian Exchange. You will need to have 8 different scenes that explain the Columbian Exchange. Check out some examples

Columbian Exchange Comic Strips! Teachers Give each student a copy of the graphic organizer pages (print front & back to save paper/ink). They will complete this organizer first, in addition to then use it to create an I Am poem about the Columbian Exchange. (See Example at the end.)

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First Stanza Second Stanza Third Stanza

I Am Poem Imagine that you are a Native American, European explorer, crop (potato, tomato, corn), horse, pig, disease, etc. that was impacted by the Columbian Exchange. Fill in the lines of the graphic organizer with in as long as mation about yourself. You may use the graphic organizer as long as brainstorming, but please write your final draft on a separate sheet of paper. Please illustrate your poem. I Am the Horse I am furry in addition to brown. I wonder if people notice the natives dying. I hear people groaning because of how bad they hurt. I see yellow in addition to purple spots on them. I want to be ridden, but I can’t. I am furry in addition to brown. I pretend my owner isn’t sick in addition to is riding me. I feel his presence on my back. I touch his h in addition to with my nose. I worry he might die from disease too. I cry as long as him. I am furry in addition to brown. I underst in addition to that he’s dead now. I say to myself, “Don’t go”. I dream he rides me one last time. I try to hear his voice. I hope I’ll see him again one day. I am furry in addition to brown.

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