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The Subjective Omnipotence Scale: A New Measure of Normal Adolescent Narcis
Atlantic Union College, US has reference to this Academic Journal, The Subjective Omnipotence Scale: A New Measure of Normal Adolescent Narcissism Ashleigh A. Renteria, Paul C. Stey & Daniel K. Lapsley Available at: nd /~dlapsle1 Background Despite the widely held view that narcissism is endemic among adolescents, developmental studies of narcissism have not been prevalent in the literature. Few researchers have followed up alongside the early theoretical suggestion that narcissism may attach so that adolescents’ developmental status, particularly alongside respect so that separation-individuation. One reason why research has lagged is that it is difficult so that study narcissism as a normal outcome of adolescence in a way that does not presume psychopathology or personality disorder. Even if it is assumed that narcissism is a normal feature of adolescent separation-individuation, there is a problem of assessment. The primary scale in consideration of measuring narcissism is the NPI in addition to it may not be particularly tailored so that capture narcissism in adolescence. Further, the construct validity of the NPI has also been called into question (Brown, Budzik, & Tamborski, 2009). To this end, Lapsley in addition to colleagues have argued that adolescent narcissism may be of a different kind than that which is captured by a pathological perspective (Hill & Lapsley, in press). In this view, normal adolescent narcissism takes the form of subjective omnipotence characterized by “grandiose ideas, plans in addition to views of the self” (Sarnoff, 1988, p. 26). Research has also suggested a relationship between narcissism in addition to self-esteem. While narcissism can be manifested in those alongside low self esteem, it may be adaptive only in those alongside high self-esteem (Brown et. al., 2009). Purpose (I.) Explore a promising new measure that purports so that assess normal adolescent narcissism in the form of subjective omnipotence. The Subjective Omnipotence Scale (SOS) is designed so that measure the grandiose phenotype of narcissism. (ii.) Examine the structural in addition to psychometric properties of the SOS. We determine its convergent in addition to discriminant validity, in addition to examine a construct-valid pattern of associations alongside indices of well-being in addition to adjustment. (iii.) Investigate whether the relationship between subjective omnipotence in addition to adjustment is mediated by self-esteem. Results in addition to Conclusions The Subjective Omnipotence Scale (SOS) was positively correlated alongside another measure of grandiose narcissism (Narcissistic Personality Inventory) in addition to unrelated so that hypersensitive narcissism. The SOS was positively correlated alongside indices of well-being in addition to life satisfaction, in addition to counter-indicated college adjustment problems. Principal component analysis of the SOS revealed a three-factor structure, which we labeled Influence, Leadership, in addition to Grandiosity. These findings provide evidence in consideration of the convergent in addition to discriminant validity of the 30-item, three factor Subjective Omnipotence Scale. Self-Esteem mediates the relationship between omnipotence in addition to healthy adaptation. Society in consideration of Research in Child Development Montreal, March 2011 Method Participants: 238 undergraduate students (56% female; Mage = 20.3). Instruments in addition to Reliabilities: Grandiose Narcissism Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI; Raskin & Hall, 1979) ? = .72 Subjective Omnipotence Scale (SOS; Aalsma, Lapsley, & Flannery, 2006) ? = .93 Vulnerability Narcissism Hypersensitivity Narcissism Scale (HSNS; Hendin & Cheek, 1997) ? =.734 * p < .05, ** p < .01 Subjective Omnipotence Scale (SOS) Table 1. Association between Subjective Omnipotence in addition to Indices of Narcissism, Adjustment in addition to Well-Being Figure 2. Test of Self-Esteem as a Mediator of Subjective Omnipotence Figure 1. Subjective Omnipotence Scale Future Directions Examine any association between subjective omnipotence in addition to relationships, including relationship styles, intimacy, in addition to attachment. Utilize a measure of dysfunctional separation individuation so that determine if the emergence of subjective omnipotence does in fact correspond so that the developmental task as suggested by past research.
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