Tropical Cyclones Also: Hurricanes, Typhoons Tropical Cyclone Ingredients Tropical Cyclone Features Tropical Cyclone Formation Saffir-Simpson Scale
Reeves, Madison, Music Director;Midday On-Air Personality has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Tropical Cyclones Also: Hurricanes, Typhoons Tropical Cyclone Ingredients Light winds instability along I.T.C.Z. High humidity (oceans) fuel (latent heat) Warm surface waters over a vast area (at least 26ºC / 76ºF tropics, < 25 ºN or S) Will not as long as m within 5o of equator (no Coriolis) Tropical Cyclone Features Spiral b in addition to s No Fronts Eye wall cloud Eye Size: 100-600 miles, but can be larger Death Toll: 12,000
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Tropical Cyclone Formation Easterly waves (fig. 8-24) vertical perturbations within the trade winds about 10% intensify in addition to rotate Tropical depression (winds < 63 kmph, 39 mph) Tropical storm (63-118 kmph, 39-73 mph) naming of the storm Cyclone (winds > 119 kmph, 74 mph) Saffir-Simpson scale (Table 8-1) ranks 1 to 5 (5 is catastrophic)
Saffir-Simpson Scale Hurricanes, Typhoons & Cyclones World Map shows locations of Hurricanes, Typhoons & Cyclones Names Reflect Locations All are the Same type Of storm
Paths of Hurricanes: North Atlantic North Atlantic hurricanes develop 5 to 10 degrees north of The equator & travel to the west, yet as they move farther North they change directions & move eastward Most do not make l in addition to fall Tropical Cyclone Timing (Northern Hemisphere) Hurricanes:Coastal Damage/Death Coastal damage can be extensive as high winds, high Tides And storm surges push ocean water far inl in addition to Galveston, Texas Was struck in 1900 & 6,000 were killed In 1970 a Hurricane Hit Bangladesh & Killed 300,000 in 1991 200,000 died (Note that many people in Australia, Mexico, in addition to S.E. Asia depend on the hurricanes as long as live-giving moisture each year.)
Tropical Cyclone Hazards Storm surge (up to 20 feet) pressure (1 cm rise per 1 mb drop in pressure) winds / friction rain / flooding causes most damage! winds tornadoes Tropical Cyclone Power Power one hour = total USA electricity as long as one year one day = nuclear arsenals of USA in addition to Russia Highest U.S.death toll: Galveston, TX, 1900 – 20 ft. storm surge killed 6,000 (1/6 the population) 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season Most named tropical storms in history (28); including most intense ever (Wilma: 882 millibars; 185 mph sustained winds) in addition to most Category 5 storms (4) ever New Orleans destroyed; worst U.S. hurricane damage ever. Cost estimated at: $100,000,000,000 Death toll: at least 2048 confirmed dead as of 4/2006; most were among poorest elderly people.
Forecasting in addition to Safety Tracking satellites coastal radar Prediction computer modeling City evacuation plans
Midlatitude cyclone Forms outside the tropics. Largest diameter of all storms No eye Has distinct fronts. Extratropical v. tropical cyclones Tropical cyclone Forms over a tropical ocean. Eye in addition to dramatic pressure drop (900 mb or lower) Has no fronts. Smaller average size, but much higher winds. Hurricane & Storm Tracking as long as the Atlantic & Pacific Oceans – Shows all current hurricanes in addition to their tracks US National Hurricane Center – North Atlantic, Eastern Pacific The Hurricane Hut – In as long as mation on all past storms to 1950, along with images in addition to individual storm summaries. Create-a-Cane Interactive fun site from NOAA, allows to specify conditions in addition to see how they impact storm as long as mation NASA Hurricane Web Page – Data, research, science & multimedia resources from NASA WMO guide on cyclone terminology NOVA scienceNOW: Hurricanes Hurricane Links
Reeves, Madison Music Director;Midday On-Air Personality
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