UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED in addition to opportunities as long as USMC engagement The overall cla

UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED in addition to opportunities as long as USMC engagement The overall cla www.phwiki.com

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Marshall, Morry, Partner and Strategic Technologies Analyst has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED in addition to opportunities as long as USMC engagement The overall classification of this briefing is UNCLASSIFIED COL David Craw as long as d EUCOM ECJ5 Africa Division Chief 19 January 2006 EUCOM Vision as long as Africa Unique opportunity to articulate EUCOM security cooperation programs in addition to objectives to a service audience Goal of briefing will be to promote shared underst in addition to ing of COCOM security cooperation requirements, in addition to to highlight opportunities as long as engagement in areas which are uniquely suited to USMC skill sets Objective is to foster cooperation in addition to engender direct support of EUCOM theater security cooperation objectives by the service, through the components USMC support of these objectives will address capability gaps in addition to warfighting shortfalls in the EUCOM theater, in addition to will provide exceptional opportunities as long as USMC personnel Briefing Objectives EUCOM Area of Responsibility 35% of earth’s l in addition to mass 60% of planet’s coastline 20% of the earth’s waters 23% of world population 50 million sq km of l in addition to 220,000 km of coastline 70 million sq km of water 1.4 billion people 91 countries

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Africa Challenges UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED African-specific challenges Porous borders throughout continent Absence of state capacity or political will to exercise control Poor infrastructure Poor governance Lack of professional militaries Lack of cooperation between nations through enduring cooperation with a trans as long as ming in addition to exp in addition to ing NATO, the development of other capable regional security organizations, in addition to effective security cooperation programs.” “We seek a Europe that is a global partner as long as peace in addition to security, an Africa that is self-sufficient in addition to stable, in addition to a broader Middle East at peace founded on a trans as long as med, expeditionary USEUCOM advancing US interests as long as ward that promotes regional security in addition to stability, General James L. Jones Africa in 2015: Desired End-State Develop security structures in addition to foster stability Focus assistance on programs that promote self-sufficiency in addition to self-sustainment Help African St in addition to by Forces become fully mission capable Security programs Foster better military training in addition to education, peace operations capabilities, resources, in addition to infrastructure Stability programs Partner with other organizations to improve education, social conditions, in addition to governance Assist the AU in addition to African regional organizations EUCOM Objectives

EUCOM Focus Countries 53 Total Countries 42 in EUCOM AOR 10 Priority Partners 7 Cooperation Countries EUCOM Security Cooperation Programs Security Cooperation Programs Global Peace Operations Initiative (GPOI) Africa Contingency Operations Training in addition to Assistance (ACOTA) Support to AU in addition to African regional organizations Multinational exercises Operation Enduring Freedom—Trans-Sahara (OEF-TS) Medical initiatives Education initiatives Liberia security sector re as long as m Fusion cells Communications initiatives

GPOI is a presidential initiative providing $660M over 5 years to build capability as long as conducting peace operations Worldwide in scope, yet weighted ef as long as t is in Africa Funding FY05, $96M Goal is to train in addition to equip 75,000 peacekeepers worldwide by 2010 Establish a deployment in addition to logistics support capacity Conduct multi-national peace operation exercises Support constabulary/gendarme Centers of Excellence Provide assistance to international peacekeeping training centers EUCOM needs: Security as long as ce trainers Global Peace Operations Initiative (GPOI) ACOTA Africa Contingency Operations Training in addition to Assistance Initiated in 1997 to enhance existing African PKO capabilities DoS funded; DoS in addition to DoD jointly executed Goal is to provide training on infantry skills, human rights, humanitarian operations, in addition to rules of engagement consistent with Chapter VII of UN charter Specifics: ACOTA currently training approximately 19 battalions a year in Africa utilizing a “train-the-trainer” approach Since 9/11 almost completely contractor-trained EUCOM needs: Security as long as ce trainers Support to the African Union Support to the AU Situation Room upgrades as long as in addition to development of communications infrastructure DoS apportioned $2.2M of FY05 GPOI funds as long as upgrade Network installation at AU HQ Known as Africa Regional In as long as mation Exchange System (ARIES) US DoD advisor in addition to EUCOM LNO on staff at the AU HQ Creation of Peace Operations Intelligence Fusion Cell at AU HQ EUCOM needs: Staff LNOs, intel experts, comm experts

Regional ASF Brigade South Regional ASF Brigade East Regional ASF Brigade Central Regional ASF Brigade West Regional ASF Brigade North IGAD Inter-Government Authority on Development SADC Southern African Development Community ECCAS (CEMAC) Economic Community of Central African States ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States CENSAD Community of Sahel-Saharan States ASF HQ (Addis Ababa) African Union St in addition to by Force Support to Regional Organizations Support to ECOWAS in addition to other African regional Organizations Strategic training as long as Mission Planning in addition to Management Cell (MPMC) Mil-to-Mil support of ECOWAS training programs Network installation at ECOWAS HQ EUCOM LNO to ECOWAS Creation of Peace Operations Intelligence Fusion Cell at ECOWAS HQ Development of Center of Excellence as long as Operational Intelligence Training EUCOM needs: Staff LNOs, security as long as ce trainers, intel experts, comm experts US—African Exercises African Exercise Program Disaster Preparedness NATURAL FIRE C4I AFRICA ENDEAVOR Special Forces FLINTLOCK CT Training SHARED ACCORD Medical Training MEDFLAG Naval Forces West African Training Cruise NATURAL FIRE SHARED ACCORD AFRICAN LION MEDSHARK ATLAS EAGLE ATLAS DROP BRIGHT STAR WEST AFRICAN TRAINING CRUISE (WATC) MEDFLAG FLINTLOCK SOF Training US Special Forces Training Exercises AFRICA ENDEAVOR

UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED OEF—TS EUCOM Operation Enduring Freedom—Trans-Sahara (OEF-TS): Train in addition to equip HN as long as ces to conduct rapid-reaction operations in order to preclude terrorists in addition to terror organizations from establishing sanctuaries in the Sahel region OEF-TS objectives: Defeat, Deny, in addition to Diminish development of terrorist safe havens in Trans-Sahara Africa EUCOM needs: Small unit CT trainers, intel in addition to comm experts, info ops specialists, in addition to aviation maintenance MTTs Medical Initiatives Goal of these initiatives is to leverage humanitarian assistance programs to combat disease, relieve human suffering, in addition to improve the lives of Africans HIV/AIDS Program ($29.8M in FY05) Malaria Prevention Program Humanitarian Mine Action Program Medical facility, clinic, orphanage, in addition to school construction Specifics: Use of Humanitarian Assistance Excess Property to supply clinics, hospitals, in addition to schools with equipment in addition to supplies Synchronization of MEDFLAG, MEDCAP, WATC, in addition to JCET medical in addition to dental outreach to support HA objectives EUCOM needs: Medical personnel, engineers, in addition to combat engineers Education Initiatives US International Military Education in addition to Training (IMET) program resources exert influence in addition to promote democratic ideals $11.0M budgeted in FY06 Key points: Importance of IMET can not be overstated IMET is one of the single most important security cooperation tools at our disposal “Shapes” emerging African leaders in addition to influences future of the entire continent EUCOM focus is on support to African regional security partners EUCOM needs: CONUS facilities as long as training, academic instructors, in addition to deployable training teams

Liberia security sector re as long as m (SSR) is a stated DoS priority in addition to a specific OSD theater security cooperation objective Part of USG ef as long as t to establish effective governance in Liberia DoS funded initiative—$95M over four years Goal is to train in addition to equip BDE HQ, 2 INF BN, MP CO, in addition to a B in addition to (2000 troops) EUCOM needs: OSD / DoS concept as long as up to 18 military mentors—179 day rotations as long as approximately three years (target start date Jun 06) Minimum manning would be 8 personnel (2 per BN in addition to 2 at BDE HQ, 2 at MOD) Embedded in units following initial training (completed by contractors) Liberia Security Sector Re as long as m Central Africa Fusion Cell OSD in addition to DOS strongly support this project, involving improved communications in addition to enhanced intelligence coordination Primary goal is to foster confidence, communication, in addition to cooperation among the African governments involved Secondary goal is sharing of intelligence on mutual threats EUCOM needs: G-3 experts to provide MTT on operational planning G-2 experts to provide periodic mentoring visits Fusion Cells Initiatives designed to enable Africans to do their own comm in addition to , control, communications, in addition to in as long as mation sharing across the African Continent in support of regional Peacekeeping Operations Communications Initiatives African Initiatives ($7.0M in FY05) AU C3IS Roadmap ECOWAS Regional In as long as mation Exchange System (ERIES) African Endeavor Bilateral HF radio fielding ISO cross border operations EUCOM needs: Communications trainers

EUCOM Security Cooperation Initiatives Initiatives Maritime security EUCOM—Policy lead CNE—Operational lead Focus on building maritime security capacity in addition to capability on continent with our African partners Air security EUCOM—Policy lead USAFE—Operational lead Focus is on improving air safety in addition to security in Africa while reducing threat from “ungoverned airspace” In Africa, threats in the maritime domain vary widely in scope Terrorism Proliferation Smuggling, oil theft, in addition to piracy Fisheries violations Environmental degradation No universal legal framework as long as maritime security exists Many countries in the AOR lack the capability or political will to en as long as ce maritime laws Significant in addition to serious deficiencies in capabilities among partner nations Maritime Security Challenges

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Seychelles Africa’s Swahili Coast West Indian Ocean region: Abundant natural resources Developing region with growing US investment Increasing importance in WOT as “safe haven” as long as terror elements Fragile stability, poor security Over $18 billion in lost revenue from fishery violations in Tanzania alone Significant deficiencies in coastal defense in addition to maritime security capabilities Areas of Naval influence Seychelles Africa’s Swahili Coast West Indian Ocean region: Abundant natural resources Developing region with growing US investment Increasing importance in WOT as “safe haven” as long as terror elements Fragile stability, poor security Over $18 billion in lost revenue from fishery violations in Tanzania alone Significant deficiencies in coastal defense in addition to maritime security capabilities Areas of Naval influence Gulf of Guinea: Abundant natural resources Top producer of light, sweet crude Accelerating as long as eign investment Direct access to EU in addition to US oil refineries Fragile stability, poor security Significant deficiencies in coastal defense in addition to maritime security capabilities Africa’s Gulf of Guinea Ghana Togo Benin Nigeria Sao Tome in addition to Principe Equatorial Guinea Cameroon Gabon Republic of the Congo Angola DROC

Enhanced physical security of national in addition to international ports, in addition to improved control of littoral areas Collective in addition to cooperative maritime security beyond littoral areas Partnership with Africans in addition to allies in an area of common interest in addition to of increasing importance Enhanced ability to detect, assess, in addition to act to reduce or eliminate criminal maritime activities within the span of control of our African partners in the region Shared maritime domain awareness in harbor in addition to coastal areas, in addition to on the surrounding high seas Implicit protection of friendly, allied, in addition to neutral shipping, in addition to defense against threats to the United States in addition to its interests Maritime Security: Desired End-State EUCOM Maritime Security Strategy In partnership with CNE, USCG, the US interagency, in addition to our allies, offer to train host-nation coast guards in addition to navies in order to build capacity in addition to capability to conduct in addition to coordinate the maritime security mission Assess Train Equip Maritime Security Way Ahead CNE is EUCOM operational lead as long as maritime security initiatives EUCOM has sponsored the creation of an interagency working group Goal of group will be to evaluate in addition to implement maritime domain awareness in addition to maritime security solutions in select countries on the continent Initial focus of ef as long as ts will center on five Gulf of Guinea nations Nigeria, Gabon, Sao Tome in addition to Principe, Cameroon, in addition to Equatorial Guinea EUCOM in addition to CNE will promote the development of African maritime security capacity in addition to capability over a ten year period in these countries Phased approach: Crawl – Walk – Run

Assessing Maritime Forces Establish assessment process Increase funding as long as CNE / Coast Guard assessments Develop host nation in addition to regional capability to conduct initial in addition to recurring assessments Conduct security assessments Facilities: pier-side infrastructure in addition to waterways Capabilities: training, equipment, personnel, in addition to best practices Training Maritime Forces Exercises Bilateral in addition to regional military exercises Comm in addition to post training Communication exercises Mil-to-Mil events Ship visits, personnel exchanges, in addition to mobile training teams International Military Education in addition to Training (IMET) Basic military training, technical schools, professional military education, ship security, maritime law en as long as cement, in addition to counter-terrorism training Conferences in addition to seminars Government, military, in addition to industry leaders Foreign military sales in addition to equipment transfers Binoculars, weapons, night vision equipment, active sensors (radar), in addition to passive sensors (acoustic, infrared) Vehicles, rigid inflatable craft, patrol craft, coastal patrol craft, in addition to blue water interdiction vessels Aerostat, small aircraft Excess property Office equipment Computers Communications equipment Equipping Maritime Forces Equipment requirements vary significantly from country to country based on individual capabilities in addition to the specific threat environment

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