UNIVERSAL/STANDARD PRECAUTIONS BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS What is Universal Precautions Universal Precautions (continued) Most Common Route of Exposure
Betz, Sharyn, Features Editor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal UNIVERSAL/STANDARD PRECAUTIONS BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS Michigan Department of Community Health Bureau of Laboratories What is Universal Precautions OSHAs required method of control to protect employees from exposure to all human blood in addition to other potentially infectious materials. Observing Universal Precautions means you consider all human blood in addition to certain human fluids infectious as long as all bloodborne pathogens.
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Universal Precautions (continued) Per as long as m all tasks using safe work practices Use appropriate personal protective equipment. Use engineering controls Most Common Route of Exposure Sharps Lancets Broken Glass Needles The bloodborne pathogens that pose the most serious health risks Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Hepatitis C virus (HCV) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Bloodborne Pathogens (continued) Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended as long as all health care workers No FDA approved vaccine exists to prevent HCV or HIV infection Who is at risk as long as sharps injury Workers per as long as ming fingersticks Lab workers Housekeepers/janitorial staff Medical waste contractor Work practices that increase the risk of a sharps injury Recapping needles Transferring a body fluid between containers Opening blood tubes Failing to dispose of used sharps properly in a puncture-proof sharps container
How can you I protect myself from occupational exposure to blood in addition to sharps injuries Assume all blood in addition to body fluids to be infectious Always use safe work practices, required PPE, in addition to safety devices Do not eat, drink or apply cosmetics in the work area Avoid the use of needles in addition to lancets if safe in addition to effective alternatives are available Protect Yourself (continued) Help your employer select in addition to evaluate devices with safety features that reduce the risk of sharps injuries Use devices with safety features provided by your employer Plan as long as safe h in addition to ling in addition to disposal of any sharps in addition to other infectious waste be as long as e using them Protect Yourself (continued) Promptly dispose of used sharps in appropriate sharps disposal containers Report all occupational exposures promptly to ensure that you receive appropriate follow-up care Tell your employer about real or potential hazards you observe Participate in training related to infection prevention Get a Hepatitis B vaccination
Safe Work Habits as long as HIV Testing Providers Use disposal gloves in addition to change gloves after contact with each client Wash h in addition to s in addition to other skin surfaces immediately in addition to thoroughly if contaminated with blood Place contaminated sharps after use in a sharps container Safe Work Habits (continued) Place all contaminated waste in an appropriately labeled container in addition to transport in a leak proof, puncture-proof outer container Disinfect all work surfaces in addition to items be as long as e in addition to after testing with 10% bleach solution or EPA approved disinfect H in addition to ling Occupational Exposures Employee should immediately report the expose to a supervisor Immediately wash skin with soap in addition to water Apply first aid to the wound
Occupational Exposure (continued) Use Occupational Health Service as long as immediate treatment in addition to counseling (Employee may decline treatment but must sign a wavier) Collect a baseline serum Source blood tested as long as HIV/HBV/HCV Occupational Exposure (continued) Written Investigation of exposure Record on sharps injury log in addition to MIOSHA as long as m 300 Record Keeping Requirements Written Exposure Control Plan as long as Bloodborne Pathogens Review Safe Needle Devices Annually Sharps injury Log MIOSHA Form 300 MIOSHA Form 300A
References Bloodborne infectious Diseases, MIOSHA, Part 553, R 325.70001-R 325.70018 www.michigan.gov/mioshast in addition to ards www.michigan.gov/mdchlab Clinical Laboratory Safety; Approved Guidelines Second Edition, CLSI, GP17-A2
Betz, Sharyn Features Editor
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