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What?s so that stop students from simply choosing the quickest route? The Big WORRY: An Overview of DSP
Benedictine University, US has reference to this Academic Journal, An Overview of DSP A presentation in consideration of CSUSB advisors, SOAR staff, Writing faculty, in addition to anyone else who might be interested?Beginning alongside the incoming class of Fall 2012, students will place themselves into their first year writing courses by means of a directed self placement process.This replaces the use of the EPT so that determine what writing sequences students will enroll in. Students will still take the EPT in accordance alongside the current CSU requirement, but the test will no longer determine placement in first year writing at CSUSB. Directed Self Placement at CSUSBPlacement exams place assessment models at the center of students? educational experiences, by judging literacy practices in addition to competencies in relation so that a set of abstract criteria that students are usually unaware of. Self-placement models situate students at the center of their educational experiences by asking them so that evaluate their literacy practices in addition to competencies in relation so that a reading in addition to writing activity or some other reflective self-assessment process. Why move away from placement exams, generally?
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Research shows that high stakes timed writing tests are not especially accurate measures of student ability.The EPT has become associated alongside the idea of remediation. Students report that the stigmatizing label ?remedial? is damaging. They lose confidence in addition to motivation as a result. Labeling students ?remedial? makes no sense at schools like CSUSB, which no longer offer remedial courses. Why move away from the EPT, specifically?Harvard says:The Writing Test measures the preparation in analytical writing that students have received before enrolling at Harvard.ÿ The test allows the Writing Program faculty so that determine the appropriate beginning course in consideration of each student: Expository Writing 20 (the course required of all students) or Expository Writing 10, designed in consideration of students who will benefit from an introductory course before Expos 20.ÿ For information about both courses, please see the ?About Expos? in addition to ?Courses? pages on our website. CSU says:New California State University students must show they are ready in consideration of college English by meeting the English Placement Test (EPT) requirement. Warning: Failure so that Meet the EPT Requirement Costs Time in addition to MoneyYou cannot enroll in for-credit CSU college English classes until you meet the requirement.You must spend time taking remedial English classes during your freshman year until you meet the requirement.You will graduate later because you get no degree credit in consideration of remedial English classes.You may have so that pay additional charges in consideration of the remedial classes.If you do not pass the remedial classes by the end of your first year, you mayÿbe disenrolled from theÿuniversity. Why ?remedial? is a bad word so that students a study in contrasts: The stretch program at CSUSB proceeds from 3 understandings:students who are admitted so that CSUSB have successfully met expectations in consideration of high school writing; they are college-ready students.the nature of college level writing in addition to intellectual work is different from that of high school. students benefit from supported immersion into the kinds of thinking, reading, in addition to writing that mark college level work. DSP compliments the philosophy of Stretch Composition programs
Provides students alongside four paths by which so that become acquainted alongside these new literacy demands. Each sequence, regardless of length, is designed as one coherent course. Students in the 2 in addition to 3 quarter sequences stay together as a cohort, along alongside their instructor.The difference among the courses is the amount of time students have so that explore in addition to practice their newly emerging college literacies, in addition to the amount of scaffolded support they receive in this process.CSUSB?s stretch composition program :One quarter long; Our most aggressively paced first year writing option;Intended in consideration of students who are confident, flexible readers in addition to writers, have familiarity alongside academic conventions in addition to habits of mind, in addition to are self-directed in addition to self-motivated; 26 students per class;Successful completion of 107 earns 4 credits in addition to satisfies the general education written communication requirement (GE A.1). English 107 Advanced Composition Two quarter sequence;Our accelerated option; Intended in consideration of students who have some confidence as academic readers in addition to writers, but may want so that develop more familiarity alongside academic conventions in addition to habits of mind. Should appeal so that students who like the idea of more extended relationships alongside colleagues in addition to some support in managing extended intellectual projects; 23 students per class; Successful completion of 105-106 earns 4 elective credits in addition to 4 GE writing credits (GE A.1).ENG 105-106: Accelerated Stretch Composition I in addition to II
Virtualization Technology Virtualization: rejuvenation IBM VM/370 IBM VM/370 IBM VM/370 Virtualization on x86 architecture Virtualization on x86 architecture Dynamic binary translation Dynamic binary translation Shadow page table Shadow page table Shadow page table Hardware support First generation: Intel VT-x & AMD SVM Second generation: Intel EPT & AMD NPT Third generation: Intel VT-d & AMD IOMMU Para-virtualization Xen in addition to the art of virtualization Overview of the Xen approach Xen architecture Virtualization on x86 architecture CPU virtualization CPU virtualization (cont.) Memory virtualization I/O virtualization Porting effort Evaluation Evaluation Conclusion Microkernel vs. VMM( Xen ) Are Virtual Machine Monitors Microkernels Done Right? Are Virtual Machine Monitors Microkernels Done Right? Discussion Conclusion (again)
Three quarter sequenceOur most moderately paced optionIntended in consideration of students who may feel somewhat nervous about reading & writing in college and/or whose writing experiences have primarily focused on more rigid forms in consideration of writing, like 5 paragraph format. Should appeal so that those who like the idea of more extended relationships alongside colleagues in addition to those who would appreciate more support in addition to time in consideration of writing projects. 22 students per classSuccessful completion of 102A-103A-104A will earn 8 credits: 4 elective units in addition to 4 credits so that satisfy GE writing (GE A.1). (Enrollment in the102A-103A-104A sequence counts as 12 units in consideration of financial aid purposes). ENG 102A-103A-104A: Stretch Composition I, II, IIIThree quarter sequence, similar in pacing in addition to purpose so that the ?A? sequence;Intended in consideration of multilingual students (those who speak another language in addition so that English, i.e. international students, students who immigrated so that the U.S. during elementary, middle, or high school, in addition to U.S.-born bilingual students); ?B? instructors have training in addition to experience in working alongside multilingual students;22 students per class;Successful completion of 102B-103B-104B will earn 8 credits: 4 elective units in addition to 4 credits so that satisfy GE writing (GE A.1). (Enrollment in the102B-103B-104B sequence counts as 12 units in consideration of financial aid purposes).ENG 102B-103B-104B: Stretch Composition I, II, in addition to III in consideration of Multilingual StudentsCampuses alongside Fully Implemented Stretch ProgramsSan FranciscoSan BernardinoSLONorthridgeChannel IslandsFresnoSonomaChico* *Chico has a longstanding mainstreaming program where all students go directly into first-year composition courses alongside supplemental support in consideration of students alongside EPT scores below the cutoff in consideration of First-Year Composition. Like campuses alongside stretch programs, Chico offers no remedial English classes.Campuses alongside Approved Stretch Programs in Pilot PhaseSacramentoLos Angeles StanislausLong BeachHumboldtÿCampuses alongside Stretch Program Proposals in DevelopmentPomonaEast Bay San Jose Bakersfield Stretch Composition the shape of CSU so that come:
FresnoChannel IslandsSan Francisco Humboldt (pilot DSP so that begin in Fall 2013)San Bernardino (DSP pilot so that begin Fall 2012)Stanislaus (implementing DSP in Fall 2012)Sacramento (DSP Proposal in Committee)Chico ((DSP pilot so that begin Fall 2012)Los Angeles (DSP pilot so that begin Fall 2012, may or may not be linked so that Stretch)Campuses alongside Stretch + Directed Self-Placement 95% of the 2 semester sequence students passed FYC, as did 100% of the 1 semester students.88% of the stretch students were satisfied alongside their placement, as were 96% of the 1 semester students.Those who chose the 2 semester sequence had a 96% retention rate at the university. Evidence that DSP ?works?: The Fresno StudyStudents’ placements are consistent alongside their approach so that writing, alongside STRETCH students employing a Surface Writing approach while STANDARD students more often employ a Deep Writing approachStudents’ placements are consistent alongside their levels of writing self-efficacy in addition to writing apprehensionStudents’ placements are consistent alongside their levels of ego-resiliency (Confident optimism, productive in addition to autonomous activity, interpersonal insight, in addition to skilled expressiveness)ÿÿEvidence that DSP ?works?: The Channel Islands Study
The Big WORRY:What?s so that stop students from simply choosing the quickest route? Channel Islands: Students regularly choose 2 semesters over 1, alongside 68 % enrolling in the longer sequence in addition to 32% selecting the shorter option.Fresno: On average, 75% of the students select 2 semesters; 25% select the 1 semester option. (Note: Due so that budget cuts only 60% of the students can actually get the longer sequence!) Students don?t seem so that do this!!Students go so that the DSP website in consideration of an overview of DSP in addition to our stretch first year composition program.Students are prompted so that start our online DSP survey, which will guide them through a process of reflecting on themselves as readers, writers, in addition to learners. At the end of the quiz, students will be given survey results in addition to a printable transcript of all their answers. The survey instrument then guides them toward the course options that might best suit them, based on survey results. Students read through their placement options in addition to eventually make their decision. The interactive online segment of the experience ends alongside students submitting their FYC course preference, along alongside their reasons, so that our database. Students print a receipt, generated by the survey program, that includes their name, coyote id, FYC choice, in addition to includes important reminders in consideration of them about SOAR in addition to registration. This document serves as proof of DSP completion at SOAR check-in.The DSP Process ? Summer 2012
Students should complete DSP before they go so that SOAR in addition to register in consideration of classes.Early Start students should complete DSP at the end of their Early Start course?because the course will prepare them so that do DSP but still before SOAR. Thus, Early Start students should complete their Early Start course before SOAR. When Students Should Do DSPEmail so that all first-year in addition to lower-division transfer students about DSP in addition to doing DSP before they come so that SOAR.Announcements about DSP on MyCoyote.Reminder emails about what students should bring alongside them so that SOAR (including their DSP print-out sheet alongside their chosen course).ÿ Communicating so that Students about Doing DSP ESE 99, Introduction so that Academic Literacies, is designed so that work hand in hand alongside DSP, in consideration of those ES students who will matriculate at CSUSB. Students who place below 138 on the EPT are required so that take ES in the summer, before they register in consideration of SOAR.The ESE 99 course involves students in addition to trained instructors in classrooms in consideration of 15 hours together, in addition to engaged in a range of self-reflective reading in addition to writing activities in addition to activities that ask them so that investigate the nature an expectations of writing in college. ES culminates alongside CSUSB-bound students doing guided DSP activities in class in a supportive environment.ES thus prepares students so that do DSP in addition to should ensure that the ES subset makes serious in addition to well-considered choices about their placements.A word about Early Start in addition to DSP:
First-day of SOAR at 4 pm?time so that go so that computer labs, do DSP in addition to do DSP print-out alongside their course choice.Second day of SOAR?DSP overview included in morning presentation. Second day of SOAR?Faculty advisors in the afternoon will have a one-page handout on the four course options that they can give so that students who still have not decided. For Students at SOAR Who Have Not Done DSPMake it clear that all CSUSB FY writing classes are college level. Avoid language that smacks of references so that remediation or otherwise suggests deficit models of literacy. (Words like skills, needs, in addition to improvement can be replaced alongside words like abilities, interests, in addition to growth , in consideration of instance.Let students know that the EPT is not the most useful instrument in consideration of placement purposes. Students can factor their EPT score into their decision, if they wish (and the DSP website discusses one way of thinking about this), but it should not replace their own assessment of their experiences in addition to interests as readers, writers, in addition to learners. Encourage students so that do self-placement thoughtfully in addition to so that base their selection on what will best support their best interests as a writer, reader, in addition to learner. For those just out of high school, encourage them so that see their self-placement as an act of self-efficacy one of the many, many times in college they will be called upon so that act self-responsibly as an adult.Tips in consideration of talking so that students about DSP:Ask why the student is uncertain. Is the uncertainty about him- or herself as a writer? OR about institutional concerns (the lack of units in consideration of 102; a perception that a longer sequence = remedial; a misguided belief that taking 107 in addition to retaking it if necessary would be an equivalent experience so that stretch composition)? Address institutional concerns alongside data about success rates, information about financial aid, in addition to information about the stretch program. Offer reasons why the student?s learning in addition to literacy interests should trump all other concerns in the decision process. Address other uncertainties by asking questions about the student?s writing, reading, in addition to learning experiences. Have the student describe these aloud. Use the DSP website in addition to the advising handouts so that help you frame questions in addition to discuss course sequence features.Look together at course sequences in addition to discuss the features in relation so that the student?s self-perceptions. Ask the student what seems most useful in addition to supportive so that his or her learning styles in addition to growth as a writer, reader, in addition to analytic thinker.If a student asks what option so that take, avoid overtly telling him/her what so that do. Ask what advice the student would give you if roles were reversed. Or, talk the student through the way you would REASON about the choice, rather than saying, ?Do this.?Ultimately, leave the decision in the student?s hands. The student has the right so that make his or her own choice, even if it is not the one you hope the student will make.If you feel you MUST say something about the choice, suggest so that the student that s/he sign up in consideration of the course in Fall, so that s/he will have more time so that try a different sequence if the first choice isn?t a good fit, after all.What if a student is still uncertain?
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