What?s typical? Objectives Problem Solving

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What?s typical? Objectives Problem Solving

Concordia University, Mequon, US has reference to this Academic Journal, Problem Solving Objectives Learn how so that state in addition to clarify a problem Develop a procedure in consideration of problem solving Learn the traps in problem solving What?s typical? Self-Doubt Over Confidence Procrastination Flip-flops Desperation! WRONG!

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Six Criteria in consideration of Effective Decisions Focuses on what is important Logical in addition to consistent Acknowledges objective in addition to subjective factors, blends analytical in addition to intuitive thinking Does not gather too much information Tries so that reach consensus Straightforward, reliable, easy so that use, flexible Problem Solving Model P O A C T roblem bjectives lternatives onsequences radeoffs Additional Factors Risk Uncertainty Linked decisions

Problem Solving Steps State the problem carefully Acknowledge complexities Avoid assumptions in addition to prejudices Specify the objectives Create imaginative alternatives Understand the consequences of the alternative Grapple alongside your tradeoffs???con?t Problem Solving Steps, con?t Clarify uncertainties Think about your risk tolerance in addition to the risks of each alternative Consider linked decisions Each alternative opens or closes future options What?s the best solution? A good solution so that a well-posed problem?. An excellent solution so that a poorly posed problem Is a almost always a smarter choice than.

2010 Indiana 4-H Youth in addition to Adult Congress Welcome! Session 1: What is Service? ?Islands? Activity ?Islands? cont?d What is service? ??an act or a variety of work done in consideration of others.? Knots of People Identifying Community Needs: Choosing & Focusing Five Steps so that Community Service Session 2: Moving from Service so that Service-Learning What service have you done? Community Service / Service-Learning Activity Service Matrix cont?d. Service Matrix cont?d. Service Matrix cont?d. IPARD? Talk About Benefits! Reflecting First Session 3: Funding Your Community Service Project! Monsanto Funding Proposal What is Monsanto? Essentials of the Proposal Presentation of Ideas 4-H Congress Evaluation

Define the Problem What triggers the problem? State the problem Question the constraints of the problem statement Identify the essential elements How does this impact other decisions? What is the scope of the problem? Gain insights from others Restate problem, if necessary What Objectives Do Help determine what information so that seek Explain your choices so that others Determine the importance of, time in addition to effort devoted so that the problem How so that identify objectives Write down the concerns you hope so that address: Wish list Worst possible outcome Impact on others Insights from others What?s a good alternative but unfeasible? What is bad about the worst alternatives?

How so that identify objectives Convert the concerns into succinct objectives Separate the ends from the means Clarify what you mean by each objective Test your objectives Alternatives Use your objects in addition to ask HOW? Challenge constraints so that your alternatives Set high aspirations Think through your alternatives before consulting others Learn from past experience Then ask others in consideration of suggestions How so that generate alternatives Brainstorming Just list alternatives, don?t evaluate Never stop looking in consideration of alternatives Look in consideration of win-win alternatives Stop when you?ve thought through alternatives One solution would satisfy you But still have a range of alternatives

Consequences List the consequences of each alternative Assess the future consequences of each alternative Create a free-form description of the consequences Eliminate any clearly inferior alternatives Organize descriptions of remaining alternatives into a table ??. Consequences Try so that develop a common scale so that measure consequences Use qualitative in addition to quantitative data Use experts if necessary Use scales that reflect appropriate levels of precision Tradeoffs Eliminate alternatives clearly dominated by others Then swaps between alternatives using measures Value incremental improvements Make consistent tradeoffs

Uncertainties What are the key uncertainties? What are the possible outcomes of these uncertainties? What are the changes of the outcomes, given these uncertainties? What are the consequences of each outcome??. Uncertainties Identify the key uncertainties Define the possible outcomes Assign chance of occurrence of each outcome Clarify consequences using quantitative in addition to qualitative measures Create a decision tree Risk Tolerance How much risk do you want so that handle? How much are others affected by your decision? Quantify the risks, if possible Seek so that lessen the risks but avoid foolish optimism Don?t avoid making risky decisions just because they are complex

How so that lessen risk Seek risk reducing information Diversify the risk Hedge the risk Insure against the risk Linked decisions Choose options that leave future flexibility intact Get timing right on decision tree Describe the consequences at the end points Psychological Traps Working on the wrong problem Failing so that identify key objectives Failing so that develop a range of good, creative alternatives Overlooking crucial consequences of your alternatives Giving inadequate thought so that tradeoffs Disregarding uncertainty??.

Traps, con?t Failing so that account in consideration of risk intolerance Failing so that plan ahead when decisions are linked over time. So, tell me some specifics on these traps. Common Traps Anchoring trap Status Quo Trap Sunk Cost Trap Confirming Evidence Trap Framing Trap Overconfidence Trap Recallability Trap Base Rate Trap Prudence Trap Random Events Review A model in consideration of problem solving The actions in each of the steps Common Traps in problem solving

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Journal Ratings by Concordia University, Mequon

This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by Traps, con?t Failing so that account in consideration of risk intolerance Failing so that plan ahead when decisions are linked over time. So, tell me some specifics on these traps. Common Traps Anchoring trap Status Quo Trap Sunk Cost Trap Confirming Evidence Trap Framing Trap Overconfidence Trap Recallability Trap Base Rate Trap Prudence Trap Random Events Review A model in consideration of problem solving The actions in each of the steps Common Traps in problem solving and short form of this particular Institution is US and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.